Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and c-PTSD (complex PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be debilitating and isolating. We’re here to help you better understand your trauma and triggers, and offer support and practical tools to manage your symptoms.

What is PTSD

PTSD is a mental health condition that can develop after a person experiences or witnesses a traumatic event. Trauma can include events such as combat, violent crime, sexual assault, accidents, abuse, natural disasters, or any other event that threatens one's life or safety. Symptoms of PTSD can include flashbacks, nightmares, avoidance, hyperarousal, and negative changes in mood and cognition.

What is c-PTSD?

Complex PTSD is a mental health condition that can develop after a person experiences long-term, or chronic, trauma. Chronic trauma might include recurring incidences of childhood neglect, abuse, domestic violence, community violence, or war. In addition to the symptoms of PTSD, those with c-PTSD may also struggle with regulating emotions, developing and maintaining relationships, feeling angry or distrustful towards the world, and having low self-esteem.

While c-PTSD is not yet recognized as a distinct condition by the American Psychological Association, it is recognized by the World Health Organization and other reputable healthcare agencies. According to the Cleveland Clinic, “Some experts believe that CPTSD, PTSD and borderline personality disorder (BPD) may exist on a spectrum of trauma-related mental health conditions that vary in the severity of their symptoms.”

Counseling for PTSD

While all of the effects of traumatic events, unfortunately, can’t be reversed, counseling can help you move forward. Through counseling, you can work with a trained professional to process traumatic events, develop coping strategies, and reduce the impact of PTSD on your daily life. Fash Counseling uses evidence-based techniques that may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure therapy.

At your first counseling session, your therapist will conduct an assessment to determine your symptoms, triggers, and goals for therapy. Counseling is a collaborative process, and your therapist will work with you to develop skills and strategies to manage your PTSD symptoms.

Benefits of counseling for PTSD:

  • Gain a deeper understanding of your PTSD symptoms and triggers
  • Develop healthy ways to cope with stress and anxiety
  • Improve relationships with family and friends
  • Increase self-awareness and self-esteem
  • Reduce feelings of isolation and loneliness
  • Improve quality of life and overall well-being

Tips for managing PTSD

In addition to counseling, there are several self-help tips that can help you manage your PTSD symptoms. These include:

  • Practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga
  • Engaging in physical activity to reduce stress and anxiety
  • Connecting with friends and family for support and social connection
  • Avoiding alcohol and drugs, which can worsen symptoms
  • Seeking professional help if you experience suicidal thoughts or behaviors


PTSD can be a challenging and isolating experience, but it is important to remember that you are not alone. Whether you are experiencing mild or severe symptoms, we are here to provide the tools and support you need to manage your PTSD symptoms and improve your quality of life. Please don't hesitate to reach out.